What Is Carpet? Construction Of Carpet

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Definition Of Carpet

Carpets that are available in particular sizes is available by the yard and is stored in rolls. Carpet is also made at a variety of price points and designs. It is suitable for domestic usage and for areas with a lot of traffic which require commercial grade. The standard rolls of carpet are available in a broad selection of fashionable and standard colours that can be matched to the needs of any designer or with customized patterns and colors for unique designs.

Construction Of The Carpet

If it is first chosen for use at home or in commercial settings It is usually selected for its the appearance. Naturally, cost and longevity are equally significant factors in the final section. Before a final choice is made, many factors need to be taken into account. Construction is just one of them.

It is made in various ways, including tufting knitting, weaving knitting and flocking.


The majority of carpets made today is created by the the tufting process. It involves the making or punching of yarns that are woven into backings by an equipment equipped with multiple needles. The tufts of yarn are placed in a long way into the backing. In carpets with finer tufts, the tufts are placed close to each other and give the final product a more dense appearance. The tufts then are put in place by the use of a latex-based compound which is laminated to the backing. This layer or backing adds strength to the carpet.

The main backing that is that is used in tufted carpets is typically made of polypropylene. For high-quality, polyester is often used instead of polypropylene. The backing used for carpets tufted is mostly composed of polypropylene, using foam or jute to a lesser degree.


Woven carpet has been around for a long time. Before the advent of machines, these products were made by hand. The process is similar, with various weaves that are used to create specific looks and properties.

Needle Punched

Needle-punched construction involves the creation of fibre webs, which are compacted and interlocked with the using barbed needles for felting. The benefit of this kind structure is that it is able to be printedor flocked or embossed. The latter gives its texture. The angulation of the needles along with the mixture of the fibre deniers (weight) create the appearance of corduroy. Once the carpet is made, weather-resistant latex is then applied onto the backing. This process is fairly affordable and is employed predominantly for outdoor or indoor carpets.


Carpets made of a few materials are created using the process of flocking. The look is similar to velour, and provides a product that is tough and resistant. Its “fabrics” are usually backed with a backing material to provide structure and stability. They are sometimes used for bathrooms.


The process is performed using a knitting machine and once finished, it is then backed by a layer of latex as well as a secondary backing material to give durability and stability. It is employed in a tiny portion in carpet manufacturing.


A variation on weaving sculpture creates a multilevel loop carpet. Two loops are weaved into the carpet. The larger ones are sheared while the smaller one is left uncut , creating the sculptured design. The carpet is usually textured with a variegated color, comes with the additional benefit of hiding the soil.

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